Mountain Kilimanjaro in Tanzania has numerous wildlife animals like the Elephants,Cape buffaloes, Bushbucks, chameleons, dik-diks, duikers, mongooses, sunbirds and warthogs.
On the Shire Plateau Zebras and hyenas can be seen there. You will also watch the Kilimanjaro shrew and the chameleon Kinyongia tavetana.
Mountain Kilimanjaro has an average Temperature of −7 °C (19 °F) at the summit area, Day Time −4 °C (25 °F). At night, the temperatures at Northern Ice Field fall to −9 °C (16 °F).
The Mountain Kilimanjaro experiences two rainy seasons one from March to May and another around November with the Northern Slopes receiving more rainfall amounts compared to the southern slopes.
Snow fall can occur anytime around the year although, it usually falls during the two rainy seasons that take place in the months of November- December and March-May.
How to Get to Mountain Kilimanjaro in Tanzania
Mountain Kilimanjaro is located in Tanzania and travelers interested in hiking the Mountain can transfer from Moshi and Arusha town. Travelers can transfer by both Road and Air Transport i.e
Travelers can transfer by car/ fleet to the Mountain through Arusha Town then proceed via Moshi to the Foothills of the Mountain.
They can as well as travel via Dar es Salaam then proceed direct to the foot hills of the majestic Mountain Kilimanjaro.
Travelers can transfer from their countries by flight to the stunning Kilimanjaro International Airport where they will be picked up by a driver guide who will transfer you to the stunning foothills of Mountain Kilimanjaro.
Best Time to Visit Mountain Kilimanjaro in Tanzania
Mountain Kilimanjaro can be hiked/ climbed any time around the year although, the Best Time to Climb this majestic Mountain is during the two distinctive seasons in the months of January-March for the mountain is colder making it possible to see snow at the summit and June-October when it is summer time in Europe and North America making the Mountain very busy.
The Five Zones of Mountain Kilimanjaro
Zone 1: The Lower Country Side Slopes of Mountain Kilimanjaro
With less to offer, the lower Country Side Slopes of Mountain Kilimanjaro is the starting point for all travelers interested in hiking to the summit of Mountain Kilimanjaro with less to offer due to the absence of wildlife species but instead cultivated crops like bananas, yams, Coffee, Potatoes, Beans and maize, Pine trees for fuel and carbon, Wild flowers, the poisonous Lantana Camara etc. The Chagga People are also common in the area.
Zone 2: The Montane Forests of Mountain Kilimanjaro
This Zone comprises of the Tropical Forest Zone which begins from 1000 meters to 2800 meters with numerous wildlife animals which include; hyrax and bush babies as well as birds like the Bulbul, boubou, nightingale and robin chat, Sunbirds, Crested turaco.
You will as well as spot wildlife animals like the Nocturnal cats ie the Civets and Genets, Galago, Aardvark and Honey badgers, antelopes from duiker to suni, Leopard, Bush pigs, Elephants, Giraffes, Buffalos, Lions as well as Colobus monkeys, Blue monkeys and Baboons.
Zone 3: The Heathland and Moorland of Mountain Kilimanjaro
This zone lies between 2800 meters to 4000 meters with tall, silky heathers, Giant lobelias, Groundsel, Moorland, Heath, Grassland etc as well as Wildlife animals like Elephants, Elands, Lions, mice and mole rats, leopards that have been seen at the Shira Plateau. This is the medium zone of the stunning Mountain Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.
Zone 4: The Towering Alpine Deserts of Mountain Kilimanjaro
The fourth zone lies between 4000 meters to 5000 meters with ground hugging jewels like sky blue gentians, Tiny golden buttercups, Helichrysums and asters which have fine silvery hairs to insulate them and catch both sun and moisture.
At this zone, you will spot the craters of Mawenzi and the snow capped Kibo peak, Mount Meru as well as numerous species of Birds i.e the Wedge-tailed Lammergeyers.
Zone 5: The Arctic Ice Cap Summit of Kilimanjaro
This zone is the final zone of the stunning majestic Mountain Kilimanjaro and includes; the Mawenzi Peak with beautiful Dykes and Rock Walls which are pinnacles of lava from which soft rocks eroded. You will reach the Summit where you will spot ice and porous Rock and Glaciers as well.